This is an interdisciplinary profession focused on the relationships among governments, people, countries, and organizations, and is ideal for someone interested in world affairs and global challenges. People in this field find work in foreign service, policy, consulting, economic development, diplomacy, trade, security, and various other areas.
Broadly defined, international or global development is a multi-disciplinary field that focuses on building capacity and implementing long-term solutions to problems that individuals, communities, or governments have. The Sustainable Development Goals, adapted by UN member states, provides the plan for priorities that are being addressed.
Consider the following to help fine-tune your interests and consider how you will contribute to development work:
- Sectors or issues you are passionate about.
- Skills you would like to use.
- Populations you’d like to work with.
- Type of organization you’re interested in, e.g. nonprofit/non-government, government, multilateral.
- Region of the world you might want to focus on.
The need for sustainable solutions and effective delivery of aid has resulted in opportunities in technology, innovation, and monitoring and evaluation work.
Another broad and multidisciplinary field, human rights, is often defined as rights and freedoms inherent to all human beings, and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights has been established as a roadmap to guarantee these rights. A career in human rights is ideal for someone interested in social justice. Work can include promoting, defending, and monitoring the rights of others. Individuals are needed to do things such as research, monitor, investigate, report, film, campaign, and negotiate. Technology work is also an opportunity since it has become a powerful tool in human rights work. Sadly, vulnerable people can be found worldwide, so consider narrowing the causes you care about, as well as populations you’d like to help.
To gain experience, test your interests, and ready yourself for the job market, use your time at school and during the summers to learn more about the field and build key skills. Keep in mind the importance of gaining regional and/or technical competence. Identify an organization whose mission you value, and check their website for opportunities, or be proactive and contact them. Organizations that arrange international opportunities are also plentiful. They typically charge a fee and provide a range of services that might also include: placement with a host organization, orientation, housing, in-country support, housing assistance, and development training. Evaluate these organizations carefully to determine whether there's a good match with the opportunity—as well as with the organization—and speak with several past participants about their experiences.
Since these are broad career fields, entry-level jobs can be found in many settings. Identify organizations whose mission you value and check their websites for entry-level opportunities, which can include a post-graduate internship or fellowship. Learn more about the recruiting structure of the organizations to help you plan your approach. Identify your interest areas and seek opportunities that will help you get experience and build skills. Foreign language ability, interpersonal skills, and cross-cultural competence are very important.
These career fields are inherently global. Opportunities can be found with an organization based in the U.S. that carries out their work abroad, an international organization based abroad, or an organization with international work in the U.S. Consider opportunities that will help you to get field and administrative experiences, based on your areas of interest. To learn more about options and opportunities, identify and attend relevant career fairs, events, and conferences. To learn more about specific topics or gain insight into a country or region of the world, consider attending the HKS Global Development Conference, Harvard African Development Conference, or other relevant conferences.
Graduate and Professional Programs
While advanced education is often preferred or required to enter or progress in this field, work experience will help you to fine-tune your interests and career goals. Increasingly, graduate and professional schools prefer experience, and you’ll be more prepared to identify the type of advanced degree you’d like to obtain in addition to be better positioned to contribute to classes.
Professional school options are numerous! Deciding which program to pursue can be challenging. While you might consider a master’s degree in either international relations/affairs or global development, other degrees can allow you to focus on these topics as well. For instance, a master's of public administration (M.P.A.) can have an international development track or a master's in business administration (M.B.A.) can have a social enterprise focus. For a social justice approach, a juris doctor (J.D.) or master’s in social justice could be helpful. A Ph.D. in economics can be helpful to address the more technical aspects of poverty alleviation. Finally, you might also consider a joint degree! Refer to APSIA (The Association of Professional Schools of International Affairs) for more insight.